How Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbor

This paragraph will discuss the battle of Japan attacking Pearl Harbor. The countries who was involved in this attack includes Japan, United States, Germany, Italy, and China. Before the attack happened, in July 1937 Japan invaded North China from Manchuria. In Jan of 1940 Yamamoto planned to destroy the U. S. Navy in Hawaii and weaken the Americans. In July of 1940, the US forced trade sanctions which were then followed by an official ban and then aiming towards Japanese military in Asia. In Jan. of 1941 Administrator, Yamamoto began to communicate with other Japan officers about the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Going up to Jan. 27, Joseph C. Grew came to know that the Japanese were planning a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. In February Administrator, Husband E. Kimmel commanded the U. S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii and prepared the defense on the islands. In April, the U. S. used a machine to detect the Japanese target areas. In May Administrator, Nomura found out that the U,S. had found about their code. In July, Adm. Yamamoto finalized the planning of the attack. The 16th of November submarine involved in the attack departed Japan. Following up to the 26th aircraft carriers began to move to Hawaii.

In the world history book of the modern world by Ellis esler stated,” on the Sunday morning of December 7. 1941 four hours before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U. S. decodes the message which was the deadline for the Japanese attack. However the message had not arrived at the Pearl Harbor commanders and the attack had begun. The war was heading to Pearl Harbor and on Oahu in the Hawaiian islands. The attack lasted for about 2 hours and 20 minutes. Japan was winning and the U. S. was losing. If this battle didn’t occur the U. S would probably enter or not enter WWII. If it was not successful the Japanese probably wouldn’t last long.

About 4,000 Americans and 100 Japanese were involved in the battle. Japan had over 25 aircraft, and submarines. While Americans had aircraft, and battleships. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Husband Kimmel, and Walter Short from U. S. Chuichi Nagumo and Isoroku Yamamoto the greatest military leader from Japan were all involved in the battle. Isoroku Yamamoto planned the attacking on March or April of 1940 and decided to launch the attack in December of 1940. He wanted to break out between Japan and U. S. He said that to make the victory successful he would have to go up to Washington and bring peace.

As a result, the battle was a success, it provided Japanese and Japanese-Americans citizens living in the U. S. into relocation camps. The US had four battleships destroyed, and about 185 aircraft destroyed. More than 2,000 Americans were either killed, 1,200 injured, about 3,600 casualties, and 68 civilians. The Japanese had only about 60 casualties. This battle is a turning point because when the Japanese launched the attack on the U. S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor. The U. S. declared war on Japan and entering WWII on the 8th of December in 1941. The next paragraph will discuss the Battle of Midway.

This paragraph will discuss the Battle of Midway. The countries who was involved in this attack includes the United States and Japan. Before the attack happened, from May 7th to 8th of 1942 the first naval battle who clashed with carrier aircraft happened to be the Battle of Coral Sea. The planned attack on Midway operation did not successfully went well because the Japanese navy had lost three carriers. On May 14 Lieutenant Commander Joseph J. Rochefort identified important indications of the attack on the Midway/Oahu. The 20th of May the Japanese naval received a message on trafficking on the identity of Midway.

The 27th of May the United States Pacific Fleet was open for the defense of Midway. On June, the 2nd Administrator Frank Jack Fletcher was in command for the battle along with Administrator Raymond A. Spruance formed around three aircraft carriers and Midway was dealt as a fourth carrier. The 4th of June at 6 a. m. under Vice Administrator Nagumo Chuichi bombed Midway’s equipment with Japanese planes from the first mobile force and carrier strike force. When the strikes went on the Japanese became aware of the U. S. navy carrier forces. The Japanese carriers were forced to turn away in a different direction.

The aircraft carrier Yorktown attacked Hiru, and Kaga and Soryu sank. On June 5th, Administrator Chester W. Nimitz commander in Pacific Fleet sent a message to his commanders that he was proud to be able to cooperate with them. Vireo the minesweeper took Yorktown. The war was heading to Midway Atoll, United was winning and Japan was losing. If the battle was not successful the U. S. would try to recapture Midway or else the U. S, forces would be removed by the Japanese. About 3,000 Japanese and more than 300 Americans were involved in the battle.

Japan had 6 aircraft, 11 battleships, 13 cruisers, 45 destroyers, submarines, transports, and minesweepers. While the Americans had 3 aircraft, 8 cruisers, 14 destroyers, and aircraft that has been stationed in Midway. Commander in Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet Chester William Nimitz, Commander of Task Force 17/Senior commander Rear Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, Commander of Task Force 16 Rear Admiral Raymond Spruance, Commander in Chief of the Japanese Imperial Navy Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, and Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo commanded the attacking carriers that struck in Midway.

Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto planned the battle, he first wanted to take out most of the major part of the US Pacific Fleet in Midway. Japan attacking Midway island and then waiting for the US aircraft to arrive. However, the US knew the plan ahead of time and were waiting for the Japanese. When Yamamoto troops arrive the US attacked them earlier than expected. As a result, the attack was a success, the Americans cracked the Japanese code and arrived at Midway earlier and attacked Japan in a matter of hours. The losses weakened the Japanese forces and the United State naval savored the quality of being ranked high in the Pacific.

The Japan forces lost four of its best carrier, 1 cruiser, more than 290 aircraft, and 240+ planes. On the other side, the US forces lost 1 carrier, 1 destroyer, and 120+ aircraft. Japan had 2,450+ casualties while the US had 300+ casualties. This battle changed the course of the war because the US forces gained prosperity while on the other hand weakened the Japanese forces and which marked the turning tide in favor of the Allies in the Pacific. The next paragraph will discuss the battle of German defeat at Stalingrad.