There are two major viewpoints when it comes to the mind: the personalistic and the naturalistic. The personalistic viewpoint sees the mind as something separate from the physical world, while the naturalistic viewpoint sees the mind as a product of the physical world. Here, we will explore both of these viewpoints in more depth.
The personalistic viewpoint sees the mind as something that is not bound by the laws of physics. This means that the mind can do things that are impossible for the physical world to do, such as levitation or time travel. This view point is held by many religions, as they believe in miracles and other supernatural events.
The naturalistic viewpoint sees the mind as being a product of the physical world. This means that the mind is bound by the laws of physics and cannot do things that are impossible for the physical world to do. This view point is held by many scientists, as they believe that everything in the universe can be explained by science.
So, which viewpoint is correct? Well, there is no easy answer. Both viewpoints have their own merits and demerits. The personalistic viewpoint has the advantage of being able to explain miracles and other supernatural events, but it has the disadvantage of not being able to be proven by science. The naturalistic viewpoint has the advantage of being able to be proven by science, but it has the disadvantage of not being able to explain miracles and other supernatural events. Ultimately, it is up to each individual to decide which viewpoint they believe is correct.
Since the earliest days of mankind, when he learned to converse with one another, he has sought to fathom and explain historical events. Personalistic and naturalistic theories of scientific psychology’s historical progress have emerged as two competing views regarding scientific psychology’s history.
The personalistic theory, also known as the great man theory, is the belief that history is made by a few key individuals who are gifted with unique talents and abilities. The personalistic viewpoint attributes historical change to the actions and decisions of these individuals.
The naturalistic theory, on the other hand, attributes historical change to impersonal forces such as economic, social, and political factors. This view holds that individuals are not primarily responsible for historical change; rather, it is the result of larger forces beyond any one person’s control.
The personalistic theory, also known as the “great man” theory, is the idea that a select few people are endowed with an unusual inner quality that gives them the capacity to accomplish astounding things. It’s thought that this quality allows them to bend scientific history with just their ideas thanks to its application in historical fact.
The personalistic theory is in contrast to the naturalistic theory which states that the course of history is determined by impersonal factors such as geography, climate, and economic development.
The personalistic view has been espoused by many famous thinkers including Hegel, Marx, and Freud. Each of these thinkers believed that individuals have the power to shape history through their ideas and actions. This view was popular during the 19th century when many believe that the world was progressing towards a better future. The 20th century saw a shift away from this view as the horrors of World War I and II led many to believe that individuals are powerless in the face of historical forces.
The naturalistic view has been championed by thinkers such as Darwin, Spencer, and Marx. These thinkers believe that impersonal factors such as geography, climate, and economic development are the primary determinants of history. This view was popular during the 19th century when many believe that the world was progressing towards a better future. The 20th century saw a shift away from this view as the horrors of World War I and II led many to believe that individuals are powerless in the face of historical forces.
The personalistic vs. naturalistic debate is still ongoing and there is no clear consensus. However, recent developments in cognitive science and neuroscience have provided evidence for the personalistic view. For example, it has been shown that individuals can shape their own brain activity through meditation and other mental training techniques. This suggests that individuals do have the power to shape history, at least on a personal level.
The word “genius” is used to describe this internal power. It is the belief that man himself is a free agent who influences not only his own life, but also the lives of others (E.G. Boring, 1950). Personalism still prevails today. When someone is asked to identify individuals whose ideas and beliefs have altered history, they have no trouble at all doing so.
This is because we are constantly bombarded with evidence of influential people, whether it be past or present. We see the effects of their choices and behaviors every day.
On the other hand, naturalistic views gaining popularity in the late 19th century and into the 20th century with the help of philosophers such as Jean-Paul Sartre. This way of thinking denies any sort of internal power or free will instead attributing all behavior to outside forces such as heredity and environment (E.G. Skinner, 1953). The idea that our genes and upbringing determine everything about us is a difficult one for people to accept because it means giving up control of our lives. It can be seen as a scary thought, that we are not in control of our own fate.
So which view is correct? Unfortunately, there is no easy answer. The truth is likely somewhere in the middle. It is important to consider both viewpoints when making decisions and choices in our lives. We must be mindful of the potential consequences our actions may have not just on ourselves but on those around us. Sometimes we do have control over our behavior and other times we don’t. The key is to be aware of both personalistic and naturalistic influences in our lives so that we can make the best choices possible.
Napoleon, Hitler, Lincoln, Kennedy, and King are just a few names that come to mind. All of these people have made an impact on the world around them and perhaps also on our world. The emphasis of personalistic theory is on the ideas of individuals regarded as outstanding by society.
Greatness, however, is not the only focus of personalistic theory. Another focus is on the creative power of individuals. This creativity can be in the form of art, music, literature, or even in business. The creativity may also be more spiritual in nature, such as with religious figures or prophets.
The personalistic viewpoint sees human beings as unique and special creatures. We are not simply animals that happen to have evolved into a more complex form. Rather, we are beings with minds and souls that give us the ability to think, feel, and create.
This perspective stands in contrast to the naturalistic viewpoint, which sees human beings as nothing more than another species of animal. We are products of our environment and our biology, and our behavior is determined by these factors. There is no room for free will or creativity in this view.