Being culturally competent of a student’s culture is critical for school counselors in a multicultural setting. It is necessary for a school counselor to be culturally competent to recognize three key ideas: understand yourself, know the kid, and understand the approach. There are several common motifs that may be found throughout each of these competencies.
These themes are: valuing diversity, developing sensitivity, and demonstrating responsiveness. It is important for school counselors to understand that in order for them to provide the best possible counseling services, they need to be aware of their own personal biases, attitudes, and beliefs about other cultures. It is also essential for counselors to understand that no two students are alike, and that each student comes from a unique background.
Furthermore, counselors need to be responsive to the needs of their students by using culturally-sensitive techniques that are appropriate for the individual student.
By being aware of these three competencies, school counselors can provide the best possible services to their students, and help them to succeed in school and in life.
Knowledge, beliefs, and skills are all important in the context of school counseling. The concepts of these issues have remained consistent with multicultural counseling throughout the history of school counseling. However, based on fresh study, counselors are beginning to feel that spirituality should be considered as one of the capabilities.
Culture is the “integrated system of learned behavior patterns and perceptions that distinguishes one group of people from another” (Sue & Sue, 1990, p. 32). Culture refers to a group’s shared values, beliefs, traditions, customs, and history. It also encompasses an individual’s unique ways of viewing the world and interpreting experiences.
Culture shapes how we think, feel, and behave. Culture is both external (the values, beliefs, and behaviors that are passed down from generation to generation) and internal (the way we each perceive and interpret our experiences). Because culture is such an integral part of who we are, it is important to consider how it affects our work as school counselors.
School counselors need to be aware of their own culture and how it might influence their work with students. Culture shapes our values, beliefs, and assumptions about the world. It is important to be aware of our own culture in order to avoid imposing our values on others. In addition, counselors need to be aware of the impact that culture has on the way students think, feel, and behave. Culture affects the way we process information and make decisions. It also affects the way we communicate with others. Understanding these effects can help counselors better serve their students.
In order to effectively work with students from diverse cultures, school counselors need to have a solid foundation in multicultural counseling competence. The National Multicultural Counseling Competence Scale (Sue & Sue, 1990) includes five key areas: knowledge, awareness, skills, values, and attitudes. Let’s take a closer look at each of these areas.
Knowledge: Counselors need to have a basic understanding of the major cultural groups in their school. They should know about the history, customs, values, and beliefs of these groups. In addition, counselors need to be familiar with the unique needs of each group.
Awareness: Counselors need to be aware of their own culture and how it might influence their work with students. They should also be aware of the impact that culture has on the way students think, feel, and behave.
This paper explores how multicultural counseling competencies and spirituality can help school counselors to better counsel their students on diverse issues. The competencies being addressed are explored in more depth in Operationalization of the Multicultural Counseling Competencies (Arredondo, et al., 1996).
The National Multicultural Counseling and Development Center has also provided a list of multicultural counseling competencies that school counselors can use to increase their cultural competence (Sue, et al., 1998). Culture is the “way of life, including customs and beliefs, of a particular group of people” (American Counseling Association, 2014, p. ix).
Culture shapes how we view the world and our place in it. Culture is also dynamic, always changing and evolving as we interact with others. It is important to remember that everyone has a culture, even if they are not part of a racial or ethnic minority group.
Culture can be impacted by many factors such as family, religion, socioeconomic status, geography, and education. As school counselors, it is important that we are aware of our own culture and how it shapes our worldview. It is also important that we be aware of the cultures of our students and how those cultures shape their worldviews.
Working with students from diverse backgrounds can be both challenging and rewarding. It is important to remember that each student is an individual with unique needs and experiences. As counselors, we must be aware of our own biases and assumptions about other cultures. We must also be willing to learn about the cultures of our students. By increasing our cultural competence, we can better serve our students and help them reach their full potential.
Teach the Trainer to Recognize Her Own Cultural Values and Bias School counselors must be aware of their own cultural values and biases in order for them to be successful in this position. A school counselor may help a school counselor become more self-aware of what these values and biases are within their life by reflecting on their attitudes and beliefs, knowledge, and skills.
This will also help to structure the way that they work with their students so that they are able to be more effective.
Some ways that a school counselor can become aware of their cultural values and biases is by taking the time to self reflect on their own personal experiences. This can be done through journaling, or by talking with a trusted friend or family member about times when culture has played a role in their life.
Additionally, counselors can take online quizzes or read articles that discuss different aspects of culture and how it affects people. It is important for counselors to be proactive in learning about their own culture as well as others so that they can be more effective when working with students from a variety of backgrounds.
Culture plays a huge role in our lives whether we realize it or not. It is important for counselors to be aware of their own cultural values and biases so that they can be more effective when working with students from a variety of backgrounds.
By taking the time to self reflect on their own personal experiences, counselors can become more aware of the role that culture plays in their life. Additionally, by reading articles and taking quizzes on different aspects of culture, counselors can learn more about how to work effectively with students from a variety of backgrounds.