The Judicial branch is one of the three branches of the federal government. This branch includes criminal and civil courts and helps interpret the United States constitution. At the constitutional convention of 1787 the birth of the judicial system was born and soon after became adopted to the future of the federal government judicial system. Because of this, the convention it went down in political history and showed the United States how organized and prepared the government was when it came to the court system.
But despite the fact that the government was prepared there is a slight controversy that the Judicial branch happens to be the most powerful branch out of the three. What is your belief on the ability and capability of the judicial system? Think about the federal government as if it were like a game of basketball, the judicial branch would be the referee that helps figure out the problems that go on throughout the game.
The executive branch and the legislative branch would be considered the players in the game trying to score points against each other, and the judicial branch is there to explain the rules and make sure each side is playing fair. The judicial branch is able to do this through a special power called judicial review and as part of the checks and balances process between the three branches of government. The main body of the judicial branch is the Supreme Court. It is the head and main court in the United States, it is so powerful that nothing and no one can challenge it.
The main job of the Supreme Court is to interpret the Constitution. There are currently nine justices who sit on the Supreme Court in the United States. The odd number of justices is to make sure that there are no chances of ties during cases. For the Supreme Court to decide a case, all they need is a majority of justices to agree and that settles everything. Being a justice on the Supreme Court is a well respected and extremely powerful position. Not only is their job important, but once they are officially appointed and confirmed, they serve the position for life.
Supreme Court justices do not ever have to run for reelection or re-appointment. This gives them a lot of leg room to do the job as they please without any strings attached. In addition, the judicial branch is made up of lower courts. These courts serve under the Supreme Court and help manage the large workload. Because there is such a large amount of cases that go through the court system each year for the Supreme Court, they have a group of people who are trained to handle such cases to lighten up the workload. Making the Supreme Court only responsible for important cases that must be seen through.
Each branch of government has the power somewhat controls the other branches by making sure they are not too powerful. Meaning each branch balances out against the other branches by checking their powers. The other branches of government can check the judicial branch through the nomination and appointment process. The people who are apart of the judicial branch are, judges and justices, and first must be nominated by an executive branch and approved by the legislative branch. This gives the other branches of government a say in what kind of people will work for the judicial branch.
This is a very important because the justices serve for a life term once elected in. If necessary the legislative branch may remove someone of the judicial branch through impeachment. This only happened a few times, and has never once happened with a Supreme Court justice, but it does still show how much power the legislative branch has to have in order to balance against the powers of the judicial branch. The word and meaning of judiciary is also used to refer to the personnel, such as judges, magistrates and other adjudicators, who form the core of a judiciary, as well as the staffs who keep the system running smoothly.
In some countries and other jurisdictions, the judiciary branch is expanded to include additional public legal professionals and institutions such as prosecutors, state lawyers, ombudsmen, public notaries, judicial police service and legal aid officers. inese institutions are sometimes governed by the same judicial administration that governs courts, and sometimes the administration of the judicial branch is also the administering authority for private legal professions such as lawyers and private notary offices.
The president and congress have some control of the judiciary with their power to appoint and confirm appointments of judges and justices. Congress can also get around a court ruling by passing a slightly different law than one that was unconstitutional. Courts also have limited power to implement the decisions that they make. The federal courts most important power is judicial review, which is the authority to interpret the Constitution. When federal judges rule that laws or government actions violate the spirit of the Constitution, they find a way change public policy and make it in their favor.
For example, federal judges have declared over 100 federal laws unconstitutional. Another example of the Supreme Court’s power is its ability to overrule itself. In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that schools segregated by race were unconstitutional. This showed up again in 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision that upheld the doctrine of “separate but equal. ” For the most part, federal courts do have a great deal of respect for previous decisions.