In this comparison essay I will be addressing the reading process and it’s 5 stage process as well as the writing process with it’s 5 stage process both found in the Literacy in the 21st century textbook. The two processes go hand in hand and integrated together can benefit students with the ability to read and write using the thoughtful process with both strategies and skills. With the five stages of the process in both reading and writing the ultimate goal of both is gaining knowledge.
The reading process has 5 stages the first is prereading which takes place before actually starting the book you begin by getting background information and peaking the readers’ interest on the book, you can use the knowledge from the readers everyday experiences or from other literature they have read. A purpose is usually set for why particular books or stories are chosen to be read as well as a plan is set for how or when reading will be done. The second stage is reading the student can read independently at their own pace as well as for their own purpose, although they should choose books from their appropriate reading level.
The students may do partner reading where the student’s can help each other and read selections they might not be able to read alone as well as guided reading where groups of four or five students all at the same reading level can be grouped to help one another. Another type of reading is shared reading where teachers can read when students might not be able to read independently and the student’s can read along, the last type is reading aloud to students where teachers can read aloud developmentally appropriate books but books that are above the students reading level.
The third stage is responding the students are able to participate in discussions about what they have read or write in reading logs expressing their thoughts on what they have read. The fourth stage is exploring which is really going over what you have read by rereading the text, examining the writer’s craft looking at the text structure, the genre’s used focusing on the words and sentences used. The fifth and final stage is applying which is really identifying what they’ve learned while reading.
The writing process has five stages the first stage is prewriting in which the writer must choose a topic to write about as well as consider their purpose for writing about that topic; is it to inform, to entertain, to persuade? The student must also gather and organize ideas by doing research on their topic, draw pictures, read books, etc. The second stage is drafting they must start establishing their ideas on paper, giving them something to view making sure they don’t leave anything out, while making a rough draft they must skip a line to leave room for revisions.
Stage three is revising one must reread their rough draft and make necessary modifications, then they join peers in revising groups to share their compositions and get recommendations on how to improve their piece. They then make additional revisions and meet with their teacher to get any further instructions. The fourth stage is editing when the students put the writing in it’s final form, the student must proof read and mark possible errors and follow that up by making corrections before now the writing has been focused on the contents now it turns to mechanics.
The fifth and final stage is publishing making the final product and then sharing it. A teacher can teach students the five stages of reading by selecting developmentally appropriate books for the students to begin reading, the teacher can help the students preread by sharing information that might pertain to the book and try to spike their interest, once the students begin reading the teacher can introduce and integrate the writing process by planning times in the schedule to journal about what they’re reading.
For the prewriting stage the teacher can allow the student to choose how they’re going to write their genre the students can also choose what exactly they’re going to mention about the book. The drafting would also cover the responding in reading because the students are talking about what they’ve read and writing it out. The students will need to edit their journals to see what they last wrote about as well as explore parts of the text to make sure they don’t leave anything out that they had planned on mentioning, while editing they can check for correct spelling, capitalization, punctuation and grammar errors.
In the final stage for both process the student ultimate goal is to reflect on what they’ve learned so the final project could be writing an essay on what they read about and how they felt about the book. Once the essay is finished, they can share their essay with the class by reading it aloud. The ultimate goal of the reading and writing 5 stage process is to help gain knowledge. The two processes integrated together can help students gain knowledge of the correct way to read and write, the more the student reads the better they become at writing and vise versa.
Readers participate in many of the same activities that a writer would use, for example, using background knowledge that was gained from prior life experiences, setting a purpose, determining the importance, monitoring the progress, repairing errors and evaluating the piece being worked on. The two processes go hand in hand and used properly will help students become well rounded readers and writers and understanding the relationship between the two can help the students transition back and forth between them without a struggle.