Essay on Behavioral Momentum Theory Of Punishment

Punishment is a response-dependent environmental change that reduces the future probability of a response (Azrin & Holz, 1966). Punishment contingencies are frequent in the natural environment (Skinner, 1953); however, our understanding of punishment contains substantial gaps, and basic research on punishment has declined rapidly over the past 40 years (Baron, 1991; Lerman & Vorndran, 2002). … Read more