Learning Aim A1-Promoting Equality, Diversity and Discrimination. Equality-Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents, and believing that no one should have poorer life chances because of where, what or whom they were born, what they believe, or whether they have a disability. Equality recognises that historically, certain groups of people with characteristics e. g. race, disability, sex and sexuality, have experienced discrimination. Equalityhumanrights. com, 2016).
For example, Nusrat has a learning disability and is unable to speak properly, because she has this difficulty she can be discriminated against because people can just ignore her. But instead she has been provided with an advocate so she can get her point across to people and have a chance to communicate and engage in conversations with people. Diversity Diversity-The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect.
It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences. These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies. (Gladstone. uoregon. edu, 2016) There are 4 different types of discrimination Unfair discrimination-Unfair discrimination is used in the insurance industry and it refers to insurers basing their policy terms on irrelevant information.
Some unfair discrimination subjects are religion, gender and race. (Reference, 2016) Direct discrimination-Direct discrimination is when a healthcare or care provider treats you differently and worse than someone else for certain reasons. (Citizensadvice. org. uk, 2016) Indirect discrimination-Indirect discrimination is when a healthcare or care provider has a practice, policy or rule which applies to all its patients and clients, but it has a worse effect on some people than others because of who they are. (Citizensadvice. rg. uk, 2016) Positive discrimination-the act of giving advantage to those groups in society that are often treated unfairly because of their race, sex, etc. (Dictionary. cambridge. org, 2016) Discrimination is where you have a prejudice against somebody or a specific group because of their age, gender, race and social class etc. (classroom notes2016). For example, a case study that I have studied that could discriminate the person’s needs is, Nusrat Patel. Nusrat has a learning difficulty alongside epilepsy.
Due to these issues Nusrat sometimes has difficulty in expressing her own needs therefore; she has an advocate that speaks on her behalf. The Advocate ensures that Nusrat is treated with equality because the advocate is speaking what she wants them to say. By preventing discrimination against Nusrat it’ll protect her privacy because she can privately express things and focus on her communicating skills one to one. This will hopefully make Nusrat a lot more confident and increase her self-esteem. The needs Maria has several needs that need to be considered.
One need is that seen as her mum has dementia her mum forgets that she has been to the toilet multiple times in her sleep. This is affecting Maria because she constantly needs to take her mother to the toilet in the middle of the night which is affecting her sleep and her ability to perform as a teacher as well. Also, Maria is finding it difficult to meet the demands in her job because she is constantly awake at home caring for her mother. Therefore, if Marias mum lives in a residential home it would be a lot easier for Maria to not only do what she wants to do but her job would not be at risk either.
Alice is an alcoholic that has recently lost her husband due to cancer and now drinks a lot more alcohol than before. This is affecting Alice’s health and in the long term it can damage her body very badly. Alice is also finding it hard to attend the aerobics class because she feels judged and this has caused her distress through several occasions. Therefore, if Alice sees a councellor it will help her talk more about her problems so she doesn’t have to turn to alcohol to forget. Nusrat has several needs that need to be considered.
Nusrat has a learning difficulty and sometimes finds it hard to communicate with people and expressing her own emotions on what she wants. Another need of Nusrat is that because her epilepsy has become very bad recently she is unable to go to the toilet without having somebody there with her nervous it could be too dangerous. Therefore, if Nusrat has a volunteer that could assist her when she goes toilet it would be better for her because if anything happens there will be somebody there. Nusrat Patel: Nusrat is 19 years old and has a learning disability along with epilepsy.
She may be discriminated against because of her learning disability because they may thing she is unable to do things when in fact she could be able to do them. To help Nusrat with her difficulties she could speak to somebody to help her communicate better. By doing this it would increase Nusrat’s confidence levels and make her feel more empowered and part of the group Nusrat also has epilepsy that is not currently well controlled. People may discriminate against Nusrat by not allowing her to join in on group trips e. g. to a museum etc.
Because she could be a risk. This would hurt Nusrat’s feelings because they’re not including her in the trips and events. Some ways in which Nusrat could be made to feel better is if Nusrat has a volunteer to help her if anything helps. This may at first make Nusrat feel uncomfortable at first but she can still participate with other people when she goes out on trips. Alice Fernandez Alice is a 74-year-old widow who has recently lost her husband to cancer. Alice is an alcoholic now that spends all her pension on alcohol rather than healthy food.
Alice may be discriminated against because all she does is spend all her money on pension rather than taking care of her health. To help Alice with this difficulty she can be taught or given support on how to eat healthier and how to cut out all the bad habits what she has. By doing this it would not only increase her self-esteem but it would also give her the confidence boost what she lacks. Alice has also recently been taking anti-depressants since her husband has passed away; they’re making her very lethargic.
This is becoming a bad effect on her therefore; Alice had been advised to go back to the G. P. People may discriminate against Alice because they may not understand how she is feeling therefore, they jump to false conclusions. To help Alice with this she can be provided with an advocate to speak on her behalf so she has somebody to not only accompany her but to explain her feelings. This will help her because Alice will not feel alone and therefore, she will feel happier knowing that somebody understands her feeling. Never the less she will have a higher self-esteem and a more positive outlook on life in general.
Maria Montanelli Maria is 34 years old and lives with her 96-year-old mum that has dementia. Maria could be discriminated against because Maria is a primary school teacher and recently was told by her head teacher that her mother’s condition is affecting her performance in class. This could lead to discrimination because a lot of people can criticize Maria by saying that he is very unprofessional because she is not teaching proper not only this she could potentially lose her job. To help Maria Marias mum has dementia since she’s had dementia she has forgotten how to communicate in English.
Marias mum could be discriminated against because she is unable to communicate with some people. This can be prevented with a translator/ advocate, the translator will be able to help her speak and communicate to people on her behalf. This will not only help Marias mum with speaking to people but also it will help Maria as well because it’ll be easier for Maria because then she can focus on her teaching. Nusrat Patel What is the initiative? Nusrat has difficulties sometimes in expressing her own needs, wants and wishes so the team she works with decided to allocate her with an advocate.
The advocate has a lot of experience in working with people with learning disabilities. How does it support the individual? This supports Nusrat by helping with her speech so she can express her feelings and emotions. Nusrat has epilepsy therefore if she ever has a seizure she would be able to express herself in a way that people around her would be able to understand that she is having a seizure. How does it meet their needs? With Nusrat it ensures she is safe and a lot more confident because she has can be a lot more independent and free because she can communicate more.
What are the benefits? The benefits of this are that Nusrat’s mother because she may be able to work part time or go outside the house and socialise a bit more alongside the 2 days she does get off. Are there any potential issues? The potential issues could be that the advocate could misinterpret what Nusrat is saying. Therefore, she may find it frustrating and it may upset her. Also, the advocate could say what she is saying wrong to somebody else which would be ethically wrong because the advocate has translated something wrong for Nusrat.
Alice Fernandez- initiatives What is the initiative? Alice is a 74-year-old who is an alcoholic. Since, her recent loss of her husband, Alice has been drinking more alcohol than usual with the help of her pension money. Alice has been persuaded to meet a bereavement councillor. How does it support the individual? The bereavement councillor will help Alice cope with her grief of her recent loss of her husband. She’ll also be able to learn how to improve her eating habits so she is not neglecting her body and making sure that she stays healthy. How does it meet their needs?