Forced Removal of the Cherokee Nation
Arguments over land, restrictions, and laws were common between the Cherokee nation and the government of the United States. The events that transpired after Andrew Jacksons Presidency and the Indian policies he put in place have caused Americans to question morality. In an article by Tim Garrison it suggest that the removal of the Cherokees was a product of the demand for arable land during the rampant growth of agriculture, the discovery of gold, and racial prejudice that many whites possessed towards the Cherokees (Garrison). The tragedy of removing the Cherokee Indians and forcing them out of their ancestral land to soon become part of the trail of tears was a dishonorable act made by the…
In return Cherokee tribe member Aitooweyah said, “The great mass of the people think only of the love we have to our land…to let it go it will be like throwing away our mother that gave…us birth” (Aitooweyah). At first a few of the tribes went peacefully, but the rest refused to leave their homes. The United States government forcefully moved the Cherokees west during the winter. The march became known as the Trail of Tears.
As a matter of fact, the Trail of Tears was one of the most horrendous events in the lives of the Cherokee Nation Tribe. “While some detachments traveled by water route
Others were not so lucky. On their journey they suffered severely from diseases such as: influenza, sore throat, pleurisy, measles, diarrhea, fevers, toothache, and among young men, gonorrhea (Thornton).” Children were at much higher risks for disease. Although, once they reached their new land the problems didn’t seem to end. A lot of the Native Americans were still displeased with the signing of the Treaty of New Echota. “The conditions of the treaty were that, the Cherokee would receive land west of the Mississippi River and fifteen million dollars for their current land. Most the Cherokee people did not want this deal. In fact, only a small amount of Native Americans from the tribe signed it, but it was enough that the treaty was ratified. The three Indians responsible for signing the Treaty of Echota were killed for treason.” Martin Luther King said, “Our…
Believed that around 4,000 Indians died on the trail of tears, but it’s now predicted that around ten thousand died on the trail (McLoughlin).” “The Cherokee nation refers to the Trail of Tears as “The Place They Cried”.” The first year after their removal was the hardest. Since they were used to growing crops by the water, they tried to do the same in their new territory. They tried planting along the Arkansas River, but it continuously flooded washing out their first crops.
Removing the Cherokees from their original home was disgraceful choice made by the United States government. Forcing the Cherokees out of their rightful land just so they could use it for resources they didn’t currently have access to was tragic. Historian Richard White said
“The Cherokee are probably the most tragic instance of what could have
succeeded in American Indian policy and didn’t. All these things that
Americans would proudly see as the hallmarks of civilization are going to…