Who were and what was life like for Native Americans early on? Native Americans were the people who occupied North America prior to European explores and colonist arriving. Native Americans or Indians were comprised of many different groups or tribes the spanned the entire continent. The Indian tribes differed from one region to the next some were more reliant on agriculture, some relied heavily on hunting and fish and limited crops, while others spent more time gathering and hunting. What was freedom to the Indians? There ideas of life didn’t look at freedom as we see it today and were more in tune with their surroundings and nature.
This all changed or was altered when the people of Europe began looking for new trade routes to Asia. Entry 2 Where did the Europeans land in the new world and how did they interact with the Indians? The different European explorers all found different landing spots in the new world initially with the Spanish landing in the Caribbean and gulf region through to Mexico. While the English landed in the northeastern part of the country. Some encounters with the Indians were peaceful while others were not. For the most part it was the contact with new diseases that had the most devastating effect on the Indians initially.
Most of the colonies established along the eastern part of the country were financed through trading companies looking to turn quick profits or looking for religious freedom. While the Spanish were looking to expand their empire and used the Indians as slave labor. What were the early settlements like? What were there struggles? Early settlements struggled greatly. The Chesapeake settlers of Jamestown, landed in and pick a horrible location in that it was a swamp area the was prone to disease from mosquitos. And when coupled with way the settlers took care of the area leaving trash around served up a recipe for disaster.
Jamestown was also flawed in that it initially was not going to be an established settlement and was just looking for a quick profit. More settlements were established in the region over time, most of them were business or money driven, one exception was the pilgrims who landed at Plymouth. Pilgrims were fleeing what they saw as evil that was corrupting there children. They encountered Indians who had just been almost wiped out by small pox but were mostly friendly toward the new people and without the Indians the pilgrims would not have survived the upcoming winter.
The thing that set the pilgrims apart from Jamestown was that they came to settle the land with a better ratio of men and women so they were able to grow quickly, whereas Jamestown was mostly males. This time frame also saw an increase in people moving to the new world most as endured servants and an increase in interaction with the Indians. The increase in interaction cause an increase of violent encounters as well as the view by some to convert Indians to puritanism and other forms of Christianity. What are some of the differences the settlements experienced?
The rise of colonies brought about may difference in opinion from religion to how settlements should be governed among other things. How did England’s involvement in the region change things? As time progressed the new world became more established and with it laws such as the navigation act. This is one of the first times England really started forcing its will on the colonies, and leverage them for power. Following the new laws England also started to seize land that had already been occupied for its self like present day New York.
There was also a rise in scene of entitlements and liberties that would ultimately set to foundation for the upcoming revolution. What other changes were accruing during this period? Also on the rise was importation of slaves to help with the labor demands of newly settled areas in southeastern part of the country like the Carolinas. Further interactions and transactions with Indians also helped shape this time frame from the people in New York using Indians to remove other Indians from the surrounding area to the walking purchase where the Indians were essentially got a raw deal because of a miscalculation of a person’s abilities.
Religious convictions also lead to the famous Salem Witch trials were 19 people were hanged. Entry 5 How did slavery differ between the north and the south? Slavery in the south was more in the form of back breaking labor in the Tabaco, cotton and rice fields, with some of the worst living conditions. While slaves in the north were in smaller numbers and had better conditions. What were some of the major cultural changes in the period? One major factor of this time was the increase in the importance of good made or produced by slaves. Because of this the slave trade grew greatly.
Which increase the triangle trade routes importance. Other major cultural changes were the increase in politics and religion. The religious revival was brought about in response to the view by some that people were moving away from the church. The revival ushered in with it a new style of preaching, that brought people back to the church, but also created a new religious divide. What was the Seven Years war? It was a war between the Britain, France and Spain from 1754 to 1763 and was a result of all three kingdoms trying to establish dominance over one another.
It was took place in North and South America as well as the Caribbean. It would also drag the colonist and Indians into the war as well. What was biggest impact of the seven years’ war? One of the largest impacts of the war was the emergence of England’s power over Europe. That and the redistribution of lands after the way that brought about the consolidation of North America east of the Mississippi river. The consolidation took in account the colonist from Europe and allowed them to sell their land move but left the Indians who didn’t side with This lead to rebellio Indians Pontiacs rebellion. le like OldIIS. TIKE Entry 7
How did life change for the colonies following the Seven Years War? Following the war England has racked up enormous debt and even more land, and in order to manage it all they started to impose new laws and taxes on the colonies. This was in an effort to make the colonies help pay for the war. What were the effects of the new laws and taxes on the colonies? The new laws put more strain on the colonist started a lot of political unrest. While the taxes started out small and eventually cause such an uproar due taxati from the taxes and laws boiled over to the street with situations like the Boston Massacre, and Boston tea party.
All of this eventually led to the Intolerable Acts, where the Boston Port was closed till the destroyed tea was paid off, in addition to signing of the Quebec Act. The Quebec act was viewed as a way of giving more power and legitimacy to the Catholics, which made the protestant colonist angry. All these acts taken together eventually led to an outbreak of war with England. How did the revolution effect women’s equality? Following the revolution many women sought greater freedom and equality. Most equality came behind closed door where women discussed politics and other matters.
They were also key in keeping the household together and teaching their children where they fit into society. While in public they were viewed through the place in society their husbands held. If a woman had to speak out in public they would typically apologize for speaking out because of the inequality they experienced. What effects did the revolution have on slavery? In the northern states it lead to the gradual emancipation and abolishment of slavery, while the southern states tightened their grip the slaves. What was the revolutions effect on Indians?
The effects of the revolution on the Indians was devastating, many were forced off their land and made to move further and further west, so that states could take advantage of the fertile lands that the Indians were living on. Entry 9 What document was drawn up to establish the new government following the war and what did it establish? The first constitution drafted was the Articles of Confederation. It was drafted in 1777 and four years later ratified by the states. The Articles of Confederation left most governing authority to the individual states and only gave the congress the ability to declare war, borrow money and make treaties.
It also establish a single house system of government. How long did the Articles of Confederation last? The Articles remained the governing document for 7 years 1781-1788, and was super seceded by the Constitution of the United States. How was the new constitution different from the Articles of Confederation? The main difference was it established a two-house system in order to create checks and balances and a better distribution of power.
It also allow the average citizen to participate in part of the election to vote in the members of the House of Representatives and while the states legislature voted in the Senates members. Also laid out was the term limits for the members of both houses. The Constitution also laid out the role of the president, in addition to what his responsibilities and limits. Entry 10 Who was Alexander Hamilton and why was he significant? Alexander Hamilton was the first Secretary of the Treasury under President George Washington. He was responsible for driving America’s financial system and establishing fiscal security for the United States. He was also responsible for the establishment of the United States early banking system.
Who opposed Hamilton’s ideas? A side from the southern states who didn’t benefit as much as the north from Hamilton’s manufacturing ideas, Jefferson would become a major opponent of Hamilton. Mostly because Hamilton seemed to always try and go beyond the authority which was granted by the constitution. What were the two political parties of the era? The two main parties were the Federalist and the Republicans. The federalist sought closer ties to England and back Washington and Hamilton, while the Republicans wanted to align closer to France and backed Madison and Jefferson.